Immunization / Vaccination
Immunization / Vaccination Services includes preventive immunization of newborns, infants, children,adolescents, adults and elderly.
Immunization Schedule for children 0-5 years
1st year vaccines
|Vaccine Name||Time Period|
|BCG-HepatitisB-1-Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)||At Birth|
|Hepatitis B -2||4-6 Weeks|
|IPV1,DTaP/DTwP1 + Hib1||6-8 Weeks|
|PNEUMO COCCAL VACCINE1||6-8 Weeks|
|IPV2,DTaP/DTwP2 + Hib2||10-12 Weeks|
|PNEUMO COCCAL VACCINE||10-12 Weeks|
|IPV3,DTaP/DTwP3 + Hib3||14-16 Weeks|
|PNEUMO COCCAL VACCINE3||14-16 Weeks|
|HEPATITIS B3 + OPV||6 Months|
|ROTAVIRUS – 1||6-8 Weeks|
|ROTAVIRUS – 2||12-14 Weeks|
|FLU VACCINE||6-8 Months|
|TYPHOID CONJUGATE VACCINE||1 Year|
About the Vaccines
Is a vaccine against TB or Tuberculosis and is given intradermally on left shoulder.
Injectable Polio Vaccine.
Oral Polio Vaccine.IPV is the preferred mode of immunization, however a combination of IPV and OPV will give better protection.
Is a bacteria called Haemophilus Infuenzae B which causes blood infections (Septicemia), ear infections and brain infections (meningitis) in children under the age of 5 years.
This vaccine is given in 2 or 3 doses before the age of 6 months and is given orally to prevent diarrhoea caused by rotavirus.
Measles alone or Measles, Mumps and Rubella (German Measles) MMR may be given when the baby is 9 months complete.
Is given from the age of 7-9 months. Two doses in the first year – 4-6 weeks apart.
TYPHOID CONJUGATE VACCINE
Prevents typhoid fever. This may be repeated 1-2 years later. No subsequent doses are required.
DTAP/DTWP DIPHTHERIA,TETANUS PERTUSSIS (WHOOPING COUGH) – PERTUSSIS
Vaccine is available as aP – (acellular Pertussis) and wP (whole cell pertussis).
They are both very effective vaccines, the only difference between the two being that ‘aP’ –gives lesser reactions like fever and pain at site of injection than ‘wP’.
‘aP’ is however very useful in children with history of birth anoxia/trauma and febrile convulsions etc.
Vaccines in 2nd year
|Vaccine Name||Time Period|
|MMR (Mumps,Measles,Rubella)||At 15 months|
|Chicken Pox or Variculla Vaccine||At 15 months|
|PNEUMOCOCCAL VACCINE 1st booster||At 15-18 months|
|IPV, DTaP/DTwP/Hib 1st booster||At 15-18 months|
|Hepatitis A Vaccine||Given in 2 doses at 6 months interval, Starting from age 18-19 months|
|Flu Vaccine||Given in a single dose Every Year|
Vaccines in 3rd and 4th year
Flu Vaccine may be given every year.
Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine may be repeated at age 2 years. If no typhoid vaccine has been given earlier, it can be administered at any age – and a booster dose may be give after 2 years.
Meningococcal Vaccine prevents one of the most serious forms of meningitis caused by meningococci. It is given in a single dose (in India) after the age of 2 years – till adolescent and young adulthood.
Vaccines at 4 ½ – 5 years
DTaP +IPV booster , MMR and Chicken Pox Boosters
And any catch up vaccines which may not have been given for any reason earlier.